Water Resource Development

Water is essential to overcoming hunger, poverty and disease, yet worldwide, more than one billion people still lack access to clean, safe drinking water.  Five million people, mostly children, die each year from water-borne diseases - double the number of deaths caused by AIDS.  Some 60% of all infant mortality is linked to infectious and parasitic diseases, most of them water-related.

In December 2003, the UN General Assembly proclaimed the years 2005 - 2015 to be the International Decade for Action, "Water for Life" - an international drive to bring safe water and basic sanitation to communities around the world.  The goal set by the UN Millennium Project is to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation

GRA has responded to the call by initiating a bold and unconventional water resource development project called "Maji Mengi" (Abundant Water).  In 2008, we imported a new DeepRock drilling rig, Atlas Copco air compressor and used vehicles from the UK to drill boreholes for rural communities, schools, health centers and churches utilizing theories developed by the late Stephan Riess, of Ojai, CA. Our volunteer project consultant, Pal Pauer, is a protégée of Riess with over thirty years experience locating and tapping the abundant, clean water found in fractured primary rock.

A single borehole typically serves about 300 people and costs under $9,000, including a top quality, Dutch-made hand pump.  At $30 per person for a lifetime of clean, safe water, the cost is significantly less than what villagers pay for the wood or charcoal needed to boil contaminated water formerly collected from up to 5 miles away.  To take the risk out this sizable investment, GRA guarantees that the boreholes we drill yield enough high quality water to justify the installation of a hand pump - or the village pays nothing.

Completing a borehole is only the start of the process.   No matter how good, or how abundant the water is at any particular borehole, if the pump is broken, it’s of no use at all.  Africa is awash with broken pumps – rendering nearly 60,000 boreholes useless.  GRA works closely with communities to help organize water user committees to establish policies related to governance, distribution and pump maintenance and then follow up every six months – or thereabouts – to ascertain the status of each borehole.  If needed, our crew is available to fix broken pumps – free for the first year - and for a reasonable fee after that.


About Primary Water

Primary water theory states that water is created within the Earth's interior and travels toward the surface via fissures and fractures in primary rock.  This water represents new additions to the standard hydrological cycle. It can be accessed by drilling into bedrock, often at depths of just 100 to 300 feet.  Also referred to as new, juvenile, magmatic or earth-generated water, mention of primary water can be found in modern literature, although it is not generally recognized as significant by the hydrological community.  Accordingly, it's potential to ameliorate the world's growing water crisis remains largely unrealized.

Evidence of primary water comes from a variety of sources. Natural springs, for instance, can be found throughout the world that have been producing thousands of gallons of pure, fresh water per minute continuously since biblical times. Many of these, like the Fountain of Apollo in Libya and the Ain Feigh in Syria, have seeded civilizations.  Others, like giant springs of Florida, are merely wonders of nature.

In addition to these naturally occurring springs, primary water is often encountered accidentally when tunneling through rock for mines, roadways or waterways - even at high elevations, far above any drainage basin.  The famous Comstock silver mine on the Eastern slope of Mt. Davidson near Nevada City, for example, pumped over 5 million gallons a day out of flooded mineshafts until the pumps failed and the mine was closed in 1886.  In the 1950's water was struck tunneling through the Santa Ynez Mountains in Santa Barbara that flowed at over 13 million gallons a day.  Construction was halted until the gushing fissure could be sealed.

Many castles in Europe, built hundreds of years ago on high rocky promontories, have wells hand hewn in solid rock that have been producing fresh, pure water for centuries.  More recently, in the past ten years, exploration projects in Sudan, Somalia and the West Indies islands of Trinidad and Tobago have successfully tapped the abundant water locked in fractured bedrock. By defying conventional hydrological wisdom, an innovative engineering company was able to obtain yields of up to 50 times that estimated by the "experts", at a fraction of the cost of other alternatives.

For more information about primary water, visit our new website at www.earthsprings.org.